Human

Eni Ghana for Sanzule’s households

 By Marilia Cioni

“They are very friendly birds”, says Eshun, who has just started dealing with chicks. “When I get here in the morning they all run to greet me. When I sing a song they keep quiet and listen”…

Eshun belongs to one of the 205 households in the Sanzule area, in the Western Region of Ghana, that take part in Eni’s Livelihood Restoration Plan, a project developed with the local community and aimed at strengthening and diversifying the local economy.  He had no previous experience in poultry but shows a buddying passion for the little birds: “if you treat them well, give them vaccines and the right food, they will lay an egg a day for a year and a half”.
Nothing less than 12,750 poultry birds arrived in Sanzule last month. After a brief period of acclimation to get used to the new environment, they were distributed to the 45 households that chose poultry among the different options provided by the Livelihood Restoration Plan, providing them with a steady source of revenue. Besides a batch of layer chicken, every household will also get chicken coops, supplies of breeders, feed and drugs for one production cycle, veterinary services, and specific training, mentoring and coaching. Other 38 households chose a similar program focusing on piggery, while 39 chose sheep rearing.

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The new Sanzule's "guests" were distributed to the 45 households that chose poultry among the different options tha the project provided

Eni and Ghana

The Livelihood Restoration Plan (LRP) has been jointly designed with the beneficiaries, and is part of the effort of OCTP joint venture – formed by Eni Ghana, GNPC and Vitol – to support diversification economic development in the region. Eni and its partners started producing oil in 2017 and non-associated gas in 2018 from Sankofa and Gye Nyame fields, in the offshore Cape Three Points block. While the oil production is for export, gas is entirely destined to the domestic market – the first non-associated gas development project entirely destined to local market in Sub-Saharan Africa, and a potential game changer for Ghana as it will provide stable, secure, affordable gas supplies for at least 20 years, granting a clean energy source to pinpoint economic and industrial development.
While the benefits of OCTP will impact the whole country, the LRP focuses on the area surrounding the Onshore Receiving Facility that receives gas from OCTP and compresses it before sending it to the Ghanaian grid. Based on an investment of $3.9m, the LRP includes activities in the areas of continuous cropping, livestock husbandry, aquaculture and fishing, processors, and training. Participants chose up to 2 different economic option they wish to develop, and the JV will provide capacity building, direct investment and support for 3 years, to the benefit of 1412 people.

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The Livelihood Restoration Plan includes activities in many areas

Aquaculture

Aquaculture was chosen by 62 households that will benefit by the set-up and management of fish ponds to be harvested and sold to generate revenue. George and Paulina are fishmongers by trade, and they chose to diversify their source of income by joining the aquaculture project. “I have nets and canoes and I go out at sea to fish”, George tells us, “but you never know what fish you will catch, if any. We are new to fish ponds, but we know catfish. It grows fast, it is fatty, and very good when it is smoked”. Catfish has been identified as the most appropriate choice for the ponds to start with – the fish is well adapted the area, has higher survival rate than tilapia, and enjoys strong demand on local markets. Demonstration farms for aquaculture and livestock keeping have been constructed and equipped with fish, livestock and tools, and are hosting the training activities.

The virtuous circle

Other activities include fish processing, cassava processing, cold store/storage, soap making, bakery, feed mill, food, and maize processing, as well as vocational and technical activities such as auto mechanic, clothing/accessories making, hairdressing, welding, carpentry, masonry, shoe making/cobbler, vulcanizing, services for a fee, and trading.
The different parts of the project interact with each other in a virtuous circle so as to stimulate the growth of a local market that creates local value. The feed mill will produce feed for livestock and fish pond; the participants of the sewing courses are designing and sewing the aprons that will be used by those who chose processing activities.

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The feed mill will produce feed for livestock and fish pond

Peter has been teaching sewing in the Charlotte Dolphyne Training Institute professional school for over 20 years. “We normally use the old basic treadle sewing machine in the sewing courses. The new sewing machines provided under the LRP program are different, they are faster and allow for much higher quality in garment finishing”. The school has been equipped specifically for the training courses included in the LRP, but once the training will be completed, the equipment will stay in the school. Peter is already thinking of advanced courses for his former pupils, so that they also learn to use the new sewing machine.

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The sewing courses in the Charlotte Dolphyne Training Institute

Also, all households will also get training in entrepreneurship, recordkeeping and financial management, business planning, regulatory compliance, negotiation skills, child labor and welfare, contract management and marketing, so as to equip them with appropriate entrepreneurial aptitude and managerial skills to implement their livelihood choices as business entities. Finally, to maximize benefit to local businesses and ensure local content in the process, a list of local artisans and suppliers with capacity to provide goods and services is being compiled.
A virtuous circle to kick start growth and to make sure the wealth of Ghana benefits all.

READ MORE: Ghana’s game changer by Eniday Staff

about the author
Marilia Cioni
Marilia is a content producer and press officer at Eni, where she focuses on Exploration, Upstream and Technical Activities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Previously she worked for Italian news agency Agi, where she was in charge of international relations.